Spanish History was an unique melting pot of cultures and our musical history shows clear evidence of it: Visigoths left us his sacred music( wrongly called mozarabic singing); Sephardic Jewish influenced our popular music until they were expelled from Spain and took their traditions to Turkey or Greece where they still sing in Ladino ( old Castilian language). Arabic Music contributed to the development of the Spanish guitar; European influences thought France came into Spain in the Renaissance and Baroque period and even the King Alfonso X the Wise collected various musical trends of the time: Spanish music, Galician, Portuguese, Jewish and Arabic, etc.
Luis de Victoria
Alfonso X ,the wise.
Sephardic –Jewish music:
Our classic music followed Italian tracks with Arriaga but fortunately in the 17th and 18th centuries Romantic musicians as Sarasate or Tárrega continued and showed us our own traditions; some others like Barbieri, Chapi, Chueca or Breton’s even created new trends as the Zarzuela; Post Romantic composers as Albéniz, Granados, Turina, Falla, Guridi or Joaquin Rodrigo took nationalist bases and used them for their musical language and the last composers in the 20th century as Gombau, Bernaola, Halffter, Luis de Pablo abandoned them to hold avant- garde trends.
If we talk about Folk music we’ve got hundreds of rhythms but it is the jota the most common one (a dance and singing performed all over the country but especially in Aragón or Navarre). The Andalusian copla is a form of popular song dating from the 40’s and strongly supported by Franco’s regime as a symbol of national identity. Singers as Concha Piquer, Rocío Jurado , or the amazing Concha Buika are only a few of them.
Flamenco (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) strongly influenced by the traditional Andalusian folklore is associated to the Romani people. The singer José Monge ( Camarón de la Isla) , the guitar player Paco de Lucía or the dancer María Pagés could be some of the principal representatives of flamenco.
Paco de Lucía
Camarón de la isla
In the 60’s Anglo-Saxon music enters Spain by Los Brincos or los Bravos who imitated The Beatles’ music; other singers followed Italian or even French music line- guides.
In the 70’s some singers arose their voices against Franco regime claiming to poets or languages (as Catalonian or Basque) banned by the Dictator. However, those singer such as: Raimond, Paco Ibáñez , Joan Manuel Serrat , LLuis LLac , Aute could not be silenced.
After Franco’s death, in the 80’s , the ‘movida’ ( especially in Madrid) dabbled in newfound freedom and alternative lifestyles not prevented by the restored democratic government. Spanish rock ‘n’ roll, punk, and pop music shot to the forefront and has been unstoppable ever since. Hundreds of groups Kaka de Lux, Siniestro total, Radio Futura, los Secretos, Alaska y los Pegamoides, Héroes del silencio, Loquillo, El último de la fila, Gabinete Caligari, etc , were the symbol of 90’s music and remain until now.
Kaka de Luxe
Alaska y los Pegamoides
Héroes del Silencio
El último de la fila:
Joaquín Sabina http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Hl1Km-dhUk
We cannot include a very long list here but we invite you to find it out. Sorry for the absences….. but it is a really impossible mission…Have a seat in our virtual Living Room and enjoy it.